Response to question

In your post, you wrote: ” Gendron and Barret go ahead to highlight how William James Stood out in contrast with preceding philosophers in the theory of emotion. The author goes on to describe previous works that agree with James’ constructionist’s theory of emotion. Given the great agreement with philosophers such as Descartes, Iron, Spinoza, and Malebranche, Gendron also agrees with William’s theory.

I am not familiar with how the ideas of this theorist align with each of these philosophers.  Can you go through those links, including citations to back up your arguments?

Post is below

In the article Reconstructing the Past: A century of ideas about Emotion in Psychology, Gendron and Barret provide an overview of the psychologists who made an impact on child development. Gendron and Barret begin with Herbert Spencer who in 1855 articulated the psychological constructionist of emotion. Spencer argued that emotion is not essentially different from cognition. According to Spencer, emotion only differed from cognition in the emphasis on certain mental contents. In 1872, Charles Darwin shone light in the basics of emotion through his publication the expression of the emotions in man and animals. Other contributors of the study of emotion were William James in 1884, David Irons in 1994, and John Dewey in the same year.

In the article, Gendron and Barrett discuss the theory of emotion. The author agrees to Spencer’s views to some extent but views the psychologists as only having basic emotion tendencies. According to Spencer, emotions have different locations in the nervous system. Gendron and Barrett further compares Spencer to John Dewey, but Spencer did not compare emotion to action tendencies as elaborately as Dewey did. Darwin believed emotions are associated with internal mental states that seek expression. Gendron and Barrett agreed on Darwin’s theory of emotion that assumes that emotional expressions are mental states that seek expression.

Gendron and Barret go ahead to highlight how William James Stood out in contrast with preceding philosophers in the in the theory of emotion. The author goes on to describe previous works that agree with James’ constructionist’s theory of emotion. Given the great agreement with philosophers such as Descartes, Iron, Spinoza, and Melabranche, Gendron also agree with William’s theory.

However, Gendron and Barrett (2009) elaborate how James is often thought of as a basic emotion theorist when the same he was not. James’ views are closely related to those of Lange although the same wrote independently. Gendron and Barrett also reviewed the works of David Irons who argued that psychical disturbance to instance. Irons thought that the same object can cause different types of emotions. Gendron and Barret tconcluded the article by summarizing the divergent vie of emotions during the golden age.

Theories serve as a foundation for learning in social and emotional research. It is through these theories that relevant skills can be taught. Additionally, learning development theories helps in developing problem-solving and critical thinking skills. Also, theories are essential for creating social awareness in the given field. Once students learn developmental theories, they evaluate which opinions to support and which to refute. This creates a sense of direction that is essential in different aspects of life.

6512 Discussion wk 5

Discussion: Assessing the Ears, Nose, and Throat

Most ear, nose, and throat conditions that arise in non-critical care settings are minor in nature. However, subtle symptoms can sometimes escalate into life-threatening conditions that require prompt assessment and treatment. Nurses conducting assessments of the ears, nose, and throat must be able to identify the small differences between life-threatening conditions and benign ones. For instance, if a patient with a sore throat and a runny nose also has inflamed lymph nodes, the inflammation is probably due to the pathogen causing the sore throat rather than a case of throat cancer. With this knowledge and a sufficient patient health history, a nurse would not need to escalate the assessment to a biopsy or an MRI of the lymph nodes, but would probably perform a simple strep test.

In this Discussion, you consider case studies of abnormal findings from patients in a clinical setting. You determine what history should be collected from the patients, what physical exams and diagnostic tests should be conducted, and formulate a differential diagnosis with several possible conditions.

Note: By Day 1 of this week, your Instructor will have assigned you to one of the following specific case studies for this Discussion. Also, your Discussion post should be in the Episodic/Focused SOAP Note format, rather than the traditional narrative style Discussion posting format. Refer to Chapter 2 of the Sullivan text and the Episodic/Focused SOAP Template in the Week 5 Learning Resources for guidance. Remember that all Episodic/Focused SOAP notes have specific data included in every patient case.

Case 1: Nose Focused Exam
Richard is a 50-year-old male with nasal congestion, sneezing, rhinorrhea, and postnasal drainage. Richard has struggled with an itchy nose, eyes, palate, and ears for 5 days. As you check his ears and throat for redness and inflammation, you notice him touch his fingers to the bridge of his nose to press and rub there. He says he’s taken Mucinex OTC the past two nights to help him breathe while he sleeps. When you ask if the Mucinex has helped at all, he sneers slightly and gestures that the improvement is only minimal. Richard is alert and oriented. He has pale, boggy nasal mucosa with clear thin secretions and enlarged nasal turbinates, which obstruct airway flow but his lungs are clear. His tonsils are not enlarged but his throat is mildly erythematous.

Case 2: Focused Throat Exam
Lily is a 20-year-old student at the local community college. When some of her friends and classmates told her about an outbreak of flu-like symptoms sweeping her campus over the past two weeks, Lily figured she shouldn’t take her three-day sore throat lightly. Your clinic has treated a few cases similar to Lily’s. All the patients reported decreased appetite, headaches, and pain with swallowing. As Lily recounts these symptoms to you, you notice that she has a runny nose and a slight hoarseness in her voice but doesn’t sound congested.

Case 3: Focused Ear Exam
Martha brings her 11-year old grandson, James, to your clinic to have his right ear checked. He has complained to her about a mild earache for the past two days. His grandmother believes that he feels warm but did not verify this with a thermometer. James states that the pain was worse while he was falling asleep and that it was harder for him to hear. When you begin basic assessments, you notice that James has a prominent tan. When you ask him how he’s been spending his summer, James responds that he’s been spending a lot of time in the pool.

To prepare:

With regard to the case study you were assigned:

· Review this week’s Learning Resources and consider the insights they provide.

· Consider what history would be necessary to collect from the patient.

· Consider what physical exams and diagnostic tests would be appropriate to gather more information about the patient’s condition. How would the results be used to make a diagnosis?

· Identify at least 5 possible conditions that may be considered in a differential diagnosis for the patient.

Note: Before you submit your initial post, replace the subject line (“Week 5 Discussion”) with “Review of Case Study ___,” identifying the number of the case study you were assigned.

Post an episodic/focused note about the patient in the case study to which you were assigned using the episodic/focused note template provided in week 5 resources. Provide evidence from the literature to support diagnostic tests that would be appropriate for each case. List five different possible conditions for the patient’s differential diagnosis and justify why you selected each.

SPHE314 Assignment 2

Please  answer the following 5 questions. Length must be 2 pages in addition to the title and reference pages. APA Format. I attached a checklist for your convenience. Thank you!

1. What factors should be considered to provide maximal protection when people are exercising in the cold?

2. How would training at medium altitude and then competing at higher altitude affect a runner’s performance? How would training at sea level affect a runner’s performance?

3. Discuss the health risks associated with acute exposure to high altitude and how can these risks be minimized?

4. What alterations occur in strength, power, and muscular endurance with physical detraining?

5. What similarities do we see between spaceflight and detraining? Why does the body make these adaptations during spaceflight?

Capstone Topic 6 DQ 1

After discussion with your mentor, name one financial aspect, one quality aspect, and one clinical aspect that needs to be taken into account for developing the evidence-based practice project. Explain how your proposal will, directly and indirectly, impact each of the aspects.