Please read and respond to questions #1 and #2. You may respond to these questions by using bullet points, rather than complete sentences and paragraphs.
In addition, note the key functions of the following structures of the brain: located in the brainstem – pons, reticular formation, cerebellum; located in the midbrain – superior colliculi, inferior colliculi, reticular activating system; located in the forebrain – thalamus, hypothalamus, limbic system, amygdala; located in the cerebral cortex – frontal lobes, occipital lobe, temporal lobes, parietal lobe, corpus callosum.
1. Explain the formation of the action potential, its propagation down the axon, and its contribution to producing exocytosis of neurotransmitter release?
2. What happens when neurotransmitters are released into the synapse ? with reference to both ionotropic and metabotropic receptors, explain how neurotransmitters produce excitatory or inhibitory potentials in the postsynaptic neuron?