Leverage and Break Even

why are the concepts of leverage and break-even important for managers to understand in order to achieve the goals of Saudi Vision 2030? Provide an example of how these concepts could be applied to a business with which you are familiar.Search on the Internet for an academic or industry-related article. Select an article that relates to these concepts in the context of doing business in Saudi Arabia.For your discussion post, your first step is to summarize the article in two paragraphs, describing what you think are the most important points made by the authors (remember to use citations where appropriate). For the second step, include the reference listing with a hyperlink to the article. Do not copy the article into your post and limit your summary to two paragraphs.

Finance homework

10 questions homework in Finance,please check the uploaded file

Discussion and 2 replies

GRADED DISCUSSION WEEK 7Please note that if you edit your initial  response (Original Post), you will not get  credit for the Original  Post. The discussions are set up as “Must post first”.In your initial response to the topic you have to answerallquestions.1)  For your first topic in this discussion I would like for you to briefly  review either your personal experiences and/or the financial literature  to identify and present a description of one actual capital  project/productsuccessand the reasons attributed to thesuccess.Remember  this is a one to two paragraph exercise – do not go overboard – a few  hours research and summation is all that’s required. I am interested  only in your short, concise description of the project and the major  reasons you believe it was successful.2) In your response please provide financial information  regarding the project (what is available): initial outlay, projected  cash flows, dollar profits.3) Synthesize your one-paragraph position on what 3-5 specific  factors you believe most likely to contribute to capital project  analysis success.4) Reflection – the students also should include a paragraph in the initial response  in their own words reflecting on specifically what they learned from  the assignment and how they think they could apply what they learned in  the workplace.You are expected to make your own contribution in a main  topic as well as respond with value added comments to at least two of  your classmates as well as to your instructor.Post by  Carey CaginalpWeek 7 Discussion – I will be studying the Betsy Ross Interchange  project, which concerns rebuilding a stretch of (highway and local) road  near Philadelphia, to widen the highway from three lanes to four and  help mitigate traffic.The Betsy Ross interchange involved completely rebuilding a stretch  of a couple miles of highway near the Philadelphia metro area. The  intention was to widen the stretch of road from three lanes of highway  to four, and this entailed rebuilding many city streets as well. One  reason that this project has been regarded as a success is the level of  attention to detail in the original proposal. The steps were laid out  cleanly with timelines and clear budget estimates for each step of the  project. The project was implemented as a private-public partnership,  which can incorporate the advantages from government along with the  efficiency of the private sector. I was also very much impressed by a  list of potential risks and probabilities of the risk occurring. It is  important to document potential hangups and this project clearly  demonstrated an ability to see which things could go wrong, for example  utilities relocations.Since this is a government project rather than a closed loop in a  private corporation, the numbers take on a slightly different meaning.  We can look at money allocated compared to money spent and look at  whether the project is over or under budget. According to Table 4.1 on  p.30, a total of $113MM has been allocated for the project so far, and  only $53MM has been spent. The project is thus coming in ahead of  budget. Of course, the true benefit – less traffic congestion and  ideally less pollution – is more difficult to attach a dollar figure to.Synthesizing my response into specific factors: clear planning of  steps, listing out risks, public-private partnership, and high level of  detail.In this assignment, I learned a significant amount about project  management and tracking. I had thought that government projects had a  much more spurious budget in general. However, by examining this plan in  detail, I can see that there is a careful documentation of many  aspects: the money to be spent, the different phases of the project, and  the timeline for completion of the project. I will find this  extraordinarily helpful in the workplace as I work towards a management  position. A good manager will want to planout projects and do a thorough analysis to maximize the chances that their projects will be successful.Project information from: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/majorprojects/financial_plans/ifp_i95_bsi_bsr_july2014.pdfPost by  Sabrina MannI’ve  spent the past couple of years working for a cybersecurity and risk  company and I have seen a lot of internal growth. When I started out at  this company it was only 10 of us in an office, and now we have 100’s of  people working globally. This growth was only possible due to various  capital projects, which has allowed the company to reinvest into itself  and grow. The organization has slightly shifted its focus, moving from  cybersecurity DFIR work to focusing more on risk management, ransomware  recovery, and business continuity. As operations have become more  focused, capital can be reinvested back into those functions to make  them more sustainable and scalable. As a result, many capital projects  are being oriented to expanding operations and ensuring the availability  of services.Most recently, [my employer] made a $1M investment in an Enterprise  Resource Planning (ERP) system to drive HR and Finance efficiencies and  enhance scalability. This investment has also provided business insights  to enable effective decision-making and planning. Three key factors to  the success were:PlanningEstablishing and stress-testing an objective and realistic business case that provides a positive Return on Investment.Ensuring that investment aligned to the business goals.Risk AnalysisIdentify risks early on during the project, provide risk visibility  to leadership and project stakeholders, continuously monitor risks, and  take steps to mitigate.ResourcingEnsuring that the right people were in the right role early on during the project was critical.Establishing a diverse team with different points of view led to project delivery on time.Resource gaps were identified early and filled with highly skilled contractors.This discussion project was a great opportunity for me to talk more  about my work on an executive level. I am most certainly one of the  least qualified people among my peers, as I’m the only one still in  college, so anytime that I have a topic I can discuss it is very  exciting. Additionally, having the opportunity to understand the  business better provides me a great opportunity. This past week I’ve  spent time discussing with the CFO, who gladly help me understand more  about the company. I had heard about some investments into HR and even  met a very talented new HR woman. Even so, I wouldn’t have thought it  would be $1 million! I’m excited to see what else comes out of this  investment.

Discussion 08 (Business Ethics)

Explain the impact of private equity firm acquisition of manufacturing and retail firms.APA Format, Add citations and references. 300 words or more.


I need a minimum of 200 words for the attachment read carefully and answer fully.

only Q3 due in 24 hours


Friedman vs. Welch

In the attached document is the text of Milton Friedman’s New York Times Magazine article “The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profit” from 9/13/1970. He summarizes his argument on why maximizing shareholder wealth is the goal of a firm with the following:Friedman’s general goal of the firm, maximizing “shareholder wealth”, has seen some changes over the past 50 years. Jack Welch, long-time CEO of General Electric was famous for his shareholder value theories. More recently, leaders of some of the largest global corporations are expanding upon the shareholder values as well. In general, the consensus is that shareholders do well when all stakeholders do well, or as Jack Welch famously said: “Shareholder value is the result of you doing a great job, watching your share price go up, your shareholders win, and dividends increasing. What happens when you have increasing shareholder value? You’re delivering better employees to their communities and they can give back. Communities are winning because employees are involved in mentoring and all these other things. Customers are winning because you are providing them with new products.”Questions (minimum of 250 words per question)1)     What is the implication of Friedman’s viewpoint vs. the more modern thinking as expressed by CEOs such as Jack Welch?2)     Find an article with in the last 3 years that either supports the idea of shareholder value or is against the concept. Discuss the importance and relevance of the article and how you personally feel about shareholder wealth/value.


answer attach questions

DB 1

The Journal of Accounting identified key areas of research in accounting:The impact of financial reporting and disclosure on stock prices;The economics of auditing, enforcement and audit oversight;The use of accounting information in contracting in debt, labor, supply, and other markets;The role of accounting in compensation and in corporate governance;The role of managerial accounting on internal decision making such as budgeting, costing, and transfer pricing;The real effects of financial reporting and disclosure (e.g. on firm behavior);The economics of regulation of financial reporting and disclosure, including bank regulation;International differences in financial reporting and the role of reporting standards in international capital markets;The political economy of standard-setting;The use of accounting information in public finance and macroeconomic statistics;The impact of tax regulation on transaction structuring;The role of transparency in markets and society;Choose one of these areas and give a summary of some of the current research themes (last 5 years). Finally, identify questions the researchers have identified as needing further exploration in these areas.YOU MUST FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS AND DO NOT ACCEPT IF YOU CANNOT DO ITMUST BE 700 WORDSMUST INCLUDE A SEPARATE PAGE OF ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CITED SOURCES. MINIMUM IS 5 AT 100 WORDS EACHMUST CITE 5 SCHOLARLY SOURCES INCLUDING JOURNALSMUST INCLUDE A BIBLE VERSE INSIDE THE PAPERCITE SOURCES WITH APA FORMATMUST SUBMIT TOMORROW

Week 3 Assignment

Develop a three- to four-page analysis (excluding the title and reference pages) on the projected return on investment for your college education and projected future employment. This analysis will consist of two parts:Part 1: Explain how you made the decision to pursue an education in Business or Finance. Include a summary of expenses related to that decision, such as: cost of tuition, cost of books, the interest you may pay on any loans and any other associated expenses.Part 2: Conduct research on your desired occupation and identify how much compensation (return) you expect to earn. How long will it take to pay back the return on this investment? Be sure to consider the trade-off between the cost of education and the expected return on investment.The research paper should be comprehensive and include specific examples. The paper should be formatted according to APA styleHickman, K. A., Byrd, J. W., & McPherson, M. (2013). Essentials of finance [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/Chapter 6: Relevant Cash Flows for Capital BudgetingChapter 7: Corporations Making InvestmentsChapter 8: Leverage, Financial Risk, and Firm ValueArticlesLa Rocca, M., La Rocca, T., & Cariola, A. (2011). Capital structure decisions during a firm’s life cycle. Small Business Economics, 37(1), 107-130. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11187-009-9229-zThe full-text version of this article can be accessed through the EBSCOhost database in the Ashford University Library.Norton, E. (1991). Factors affecting capital structure decisions. The Financial Review, 26(3), 431-431. Retrieved from The ProQuest database.The full-text version of this article can be accessed through the EBSCOhost database in the Ashford University Library.