Submit this assignment HERE by the due date. It is worth 5% of your grade in the course.
Overview: For this assignment, you’ll be preparing a detailed outline and annotated references section in preparation for your next major assignment. The outline and annotated references are due to Canvas on the date indicated on the syllabus. The goal of this assignment is to get your prepared for your next major assignment – your Personality of a Famous Person paper.
Special Note: The outline and annotated references assignment described here is a REQUIRED assignment. It is intended to get you started on your Personality of a Famous Person paper (which will be 6-8 pages). However, the outline and annotated references assignment is a completely separate assignment, which will be graded separately from the paper.
Select a public figure (athlete, celebrity, politician, etc.)
Read a biography or autobiography about this person. Find out everything you can about them.
Apply ONE of the theories we’ve discussed this semester to explain this individual’s personality
Prepare a detailed outline of your findings, which includes information in the section below (see format below)
Prepare an annotated references section that includes at LEAST four sources (see format below)
Submit the outline and annotated references as a SINGLE document to Canvas by 5pm on Friday, 11/17
Grading and Evaluation:
The outline and annotated references are worth 5% of your grade
Your grade will be based on the following
Following instructions (providing an outline and references, using at least four sources, etc.)
The detail included in your outline
The detail included in your annotated references
Your use of APA style throughout
Format for Outline
Note: This section can contain bullet points, but try to provide as much detail as possible. Doing so will better prepare you for your paper AND will give the instructor an idea of whether you’re on the right track.
Introduction – Introduce and give a general overview of what you will be covering in the paper and how it relates to this course.
Overview of Theories – Write a paragraph including the Key Concepts of each of the following Theories of Personality:
Biological Aspects of Personality
Behaviorism and Learning Theory
Biography of Celebrity – summary of their life
Theory – choose one of the above theories to explain your celebrity. You will analyze this person from one of the perspectives above. For example, analyze this person from Freudian perspective: Include childhood experiences. Does this person seem to be fixated at any stage or demonstrate aspects of the id, ego, and superego? Have they demonstrated any defense mechanisms?
Conclusions – What conclusions can you draw? You do not have to believe every part of your analysis, but it must reflect the facts of the individual’s life and the theory you are using. Include in first person your reflections.
Format and Sample Annotated References
Note: Each entry in your annotated references list should follow the format below. You need FOUR entries in your annotated references list.
FULL APA STYLE REFERENCE
Brief summary of the reference as it pertains to this assignment (e.g., biographical information, quotations, etc.). Basically, this is where you indicate HOW you plan to use this reference in your paper.
Barry, C. T., Frick, P. J., & Killian, A. L. (2003). The relation of narcissism and self-esteem to conduct problems in children: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32, 139-152. doi: 10.1207/15374420360533130
This empirical study serves two purposes. The first was to validate a measure of narcissism in childhood. Here, authors constructed a measure of child narcissism based on the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (Raskin & Terry, 1979). The new measure, developed in this study, contained 17 items and was called the Narcissistic Personality Inventory for Children (NPIC). The second purpose of the study was to see whether narcissism and self-esteem worked together to influence aggression. The authors found that children who had high scores on narcissism, but low scores on self-esteem were the most aggressive in a sample of boys with Conduct Disorder. The results illustrate that narcissism and self-esteem are different constructs and work together, rather than independently, to predict aggressive behavior.
Baumesiter, R. F., Smart, L., & Boden, J. M. (1997). Relation of threatened egotism to violence and aggression: The dark side of high self-esteem. Psychological Review, 103, 5-33. doi: 10.1037/0033-295X.103.1.5
This was a theoretical paper which suggested that having self-esteem that is too high can be bad for children’s adjustment. The paper reviews literature which suggests the traditional view – that we should be increasing children’s self-esteem and making them feel good about themselves. Then, the paper reviews literature which suggests that having really high self-esteem is often associated with aggression in adults. The main point of the paper is that there is something called unhealthy high self-esteem. Unhealthy high self-esteem occurs when the person has a positive self-image based on something that is superficial (like physical attractiveness) or unearned (such as being born to a certain race). Therefore, the paper concludes that efforts to raise self-esteem should be based on accomplishments. Otherwise, we run the risk of raising children who believe they are so special that they should be allowed to be aggressive.
Kernis, M.H. & Sun, C. (1994). Narcissism and reactions to interpersonal feedback. Journal of Research in Personality, 28, 4-13. doi: 10.1006/jrpe.1994.1002
This was an experimental study. It examined whether narcissists are more likely to respond to negative feedback with aggression. This study used an adult sample. They found that when narcissists were insulted by a stranger, that they were more likely to “lash out” at the stranger by being verbally aggressive after the insult. However, when narcissists were complimented by a stranger, they did not react with verbal aggression. The study also examined how non-narcissists would respond to an insult or compliment from a stranger. The authors found that non-narcissists were not more likely to respond to an insult with aggression. The results suggest that narcissists are particularly sensitive to social feedback and that negative feedback can lead to aggression for narcissists. The results also illustrate that narcissists might be particular motivated to be impressive or appear intelligent to strangers.
Pauletti, R. E., Menon, M., Menon, M., Tobin, D. D., & Perry, D. G. (2012). Narcissism and adjustment in preadolescence. Child Development, 83, 831-837. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01731.x
This was a correlational study in children. It was very similar to the one conducted by Barry, Frick, and Killian (2003) and used the NPIC reported in that study. However, it was conducted with a normal sample of children (rather than just children with Conduct Disorder) and it examined outcomes other than just aggression. The study found that narcissistic children with low self-esteem were more likely to be aggressive and less likely to exhibit prosocial behavior. The authors called this pattern “self-image failure,” because narcissists are motivated to maintain a positive self-image and are threatened when they don’t feel as though they are doing so. The authors also found that narcissistic kids are more likely to act on stereotypes. So, narcissistic boys who felt that boys should be aggressive and masculine exhibited more aggression. The authors called this pattern “stereotype emulation,” because narcissists are more likely to be motivated by gender and to act on gender stereotypes. Taken together, the results indicate that narcissism often works together with other variables to produce negative outcomes.