Civil-Military Relations

Scenario Two � Conflict Response.

South Sudan has been in a state of emergency for some time following a number of clashes between the government and insurgent forces. The latest attack has targeted the South Sudanese military and their ability to provide security for the nation has been seriously damaged. The insurgency forces have capitalised on their successes and are beginning to work their way south towards the capital, Juba. Minor incidents of violence have been reported on the outskirts of the city and there are now significant concerns for the safety of everyday South Sudanese as well as the international community. The local police have abandoned their posts to protect their families and law and order is rapidly dissipating in the capital city, as looting and assaults are increasing, on females in particular.
Your government is concerned that there is a large number of your citizens in Juba (many of whom are aid workers) and that South Sudan�s security services are unable to guarantee their safety. The United Nations has expressed its concern but the Security Council is divided and unable to provide a resolution allowing an armed force into the country; besides, the South Sudanese government has indicated they are prepared to allow a number of international security forces into the country to assist them in making the capital safe. An international response is required to secure the city of Juba and ensure foreigners can retreat there as a safe haven and escape the country.
Your Task.
You are to write your paper from the perspective of two civil-military actors in particular, which could be: the military; the police; the humanitarian community/NGOs; and/or the foreign ministry of your country.
Other actors that you might want to refer to (if they are applicable) in your answer could be: international organisations such as the United Nations (and its relevant departments); the National Disaster Management agency (if applicable) in the affected nation or possibly in your country; the foreign aid program within your country�s government; emergency medical service providers (from
your nation and the affected nation); private security providers (if applicable); the International Committee of the Red Cross/Red Crescent, Medecins sans Frontieres, and community groups in the affected nation.
Guiding Questions
? What are the broader civil-military issues for any response to this emergency?
? What do you need to do in order to prepare for this response operation?
? Which agencies and/or actors will your agency have to interact with before you deploy and
once you are on the ground in the affected nation?
o What could be the negative consequences if you do not coordinate with these other
? What guidance (if any) is available to you on how to respond in conjunction with other
relevant agencies?
? Are there any regional or bilateral arrangements in place that dictate how your response is
to be conducted?
? How are you going to travel into the affected nation and what challenges might there be for
your arrival?
? What tasks will your agency need to conduct immediately when you get on the ground and
who will you need to coordinate with to ensure the success of these tasks?
? Describe how your response will accommodate the principles of Protection of Civilians, and
Women Peace and Security?
? What longer-term tasks can you begin planning to make sure this kind of emergency either
doesn�t happen again in future or will not have as severe an impact?
Format and Administrative Guidance
? No smaller than 12 font
? Length � approximately 2,000 words
? Referencing � Oxford system
o Use mostly what has been prescribed as readings and lecture material
o No need for extensive research in this exam ? Your choice of format
o Feel free to be creative
o Narrative can be similar to essays if you wish, but more importantly, focus on
identifying civil-military challenges, tasks and potential solutions!
o At the very least use sub-headings to break up your response into appropriate
o Chronological focus is one option, you might explore, for example:
? Before the deployment
? Deploying/travelling to the operation ? Arrival
? During the operation
? Returning home/transition
? Always bring your focus to the overall themes of this course: �What are the civil-military relations and coordination challenges in this scenario?�
please use footnote

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