Institution of Affiliation
Legalization of Marijuana Outline
Marijuana in most parts of the united states have remained to be criminalized due to the association of the drug with criminal activities, but as it has downed, the need to legalize marijuana is rising forcing most of the countries to decriminalize the use as well as the possession of marijuana. Marijuana has numerous benefits and the efforts to legalize it will reduce the black market business and in turn reduce the rate of incarceration in the United States.
Thesis: Marijuana has its use in various fields such as the medical field and therefore has accrued numerous health benefits as well as economic benefits for the states where pot has been legalized.
Medical uses of marijuana
Marijuana is used in the treatment of Glaucoma by decreasing the pressure inside the eye and therefore makes it able to reduce the complications resulting from the condition.
Marijuana assists in reversing the carcinogenic effects that are instilled in the body by tobacco smoking and therefore plays a significant role in improving the health of the lungs as well as the increase in the lung capacity.
Marijuana can be used in the control of epileptic seizures as cannabinoids which are the active ingredients of marijuana, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are responsible for the control of seizures through binding to the brain cells that are responsible for the control of excitement as well as the regulation of relaxation.
Cannabidiol also (CBD), helps in preventing cancer from spreading by turning off the gene Id-1.
The use of cannabis helps in easing the pain that is caused by multiple sclerosis THC compound that is found in marijuana binds with the receptors in the nerves and muscles to relieve the pain.
Alleviates the pain and therefore relieves the discomfort that is caused by Arthritis infections through reducing inflammation thereby promoting sleep among the patients
Marijuana use helps in keeping the user’s body skinny and as well as helping in improving the metabolism of the user.
Weed smoking elevates the appetite of the user
Economic benefits of marijuana
Creation of job opportunities in the farms and vending of the product
Generation of revenue through taxation
Infrastructure development such as roads
Increase in the country’s gross domestic product
Sustainable economy due to more exports of the commodity.
The benefits arise from the medical use, leisure, health and as well to the overall economy. Billions of money are deprived of the government due to the presence of the laws and policies that prohibit the use of the drug compelling thousands of people to indulge in the black market. Legalizing marijuana will create more job opportunities, and this will have an effect of reducing the crime rates and as well as the rate of incarceration.
Hajizadeh, Mohammad. “Legalizing and regulating marijuana in Canada: review of potential economic, social, and health impacts.” International journal of health policy and management 5.8 (2016): 453. – The reference talks about the legalization of marijuana. Not-withstanding a century of prohibition, marijuana is the mostly widely used illicit substance in Canada. Due to the growing acceptance of recreational marijuana use and ineffectiveness of the existing control system in Canada, the issue surrounding legalizing this illicit drug has received considerable public and political attentions in recent years.
Hill, Kevin P. “Medical marijuana for treatment of chronic pain and other medical and psychiatric problems: a clinical review.” Jama 313.24 (2015): 2474-2483. – The reference is about the medical use of marijuana through clinical trials. Importance As of March 2015, 23 states and the District of Columbia had medical marijuana laws in place. Physicians should know both the scientific rationale and the practical implications for medical marijuana laws.
Johns, Andrew. “Psychiatric effects of cannabis.” The British Journal of Psychiatry 178.2 (2001): 116-122. – The reference is about the psychiatric use of marijuana. Cannabis is commonly regarded as an innocuous drug and the prevalence of lifetime and regular use has increased in most developed countries. However, accumulative evidence highlights the risks of dependence and other adverse effects, particularly among people with pre-existing psychiatric disorders.
Kirsch, Jacob. “Taxation and Welfare in the Cannabis Industry: Evidence from Colorado Edibles 2014-2016.” (2018). – Legalization of medical and adult-use (recreational) cannabis products in Colorado has permitted the formation of a large industry with sales of $1.31 billion in 2016. These sales generate significant tax revenue for the state.
Novack, Gary D. “Cannabinoids for treatment of glaucoma.” Current opinion in ophthalmology 27.2 (2016): 146-150. – The reference is about the medical use of marijuana whereby the cannabinoids are used in the treatment of glaucoma.
Pletcher, Mark J., et al. “Association between marijuana exposure and pulmonary function over 20 years.” Jama 307.2 (2012): 173-181. – The reference is about the potential benefits of smoking cannabis especially in the lungs. It is estimated that the lung capacity increases after a period of smoking cannabis.
Rice, Jessica, and Michelle Cameron. “Cannabinoids for Treatment of MS Symptoms: State of the Evidence.” Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 18.8 (2017): 50. – The reference talks about the medical use of marijuana in the treatment of medical sclerosis. The cannabinoids are used to ease the pain in the skin.
Velasco, Guillermo, et al. “The use of cannabinoids as anticancer agents.” Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology and biological psychiatry 64 (2016): 259-266. – The reference talks about the medical use of marijuana in the prevention in the spread of cancer through formation of a gene that is responsible for restricting spread of the cancerous cells thereby acting as an anti-cancer.
Wade, Derick T., et al. “A preliminary controlled study to determine whether whole-plant cannabis extracts can improve intractable neurogenic symptoms.” Clinical rehabilitation 17.1 (2003): 21-29. – Reference talks about the medical use of marijuana extracts in the treatment of such conditions such as multiple sclerosis.
Welsh, Jennifer, and Kevin Loria. “23 Health Benefits Of Marijuana.” Business Insider 20 (2014). – The reference generally talks about the health benefits of marijuana. It highlights numerous benefits such as reduction of anxiety in PTSD patients.