Major cause of Cold War

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Major cause of Cold War

The cold war occurred because of three major reasons. There were differences in global ideologies, political structures and geopolitics, and the acceptable economic arrangements. Ideologically, the West and East fought over superiority, governance and progress the struggle centred on the concept of ‘superpower’. The struggle between the European countries and the Eastern bloc over the control of the world was a major cause of the cold war. The Europeans countries believed that they were progressive countries with better governance and could not be controlled by the Russians and Japanese. The blocs used the political, religious, economic, cultural powers and sometimes force to continue the antagonism. Throughout the period, the world underwent major changes. The English laws became accepted, and property ownership laws passed. The French had the Nobles who attempted to assert their power and control the state. The era also saw rapid changes in transportation, population growth and modern agriculture. The European powers such as Germany, Britain and France lost their global dominance. There was also growing nationalism and national conscience that led to show-of-might and pride in sports such as the Munich Olympics.

These divergent views were pushed by the USA under Roosevelt and the Soviet Union under Stalin. The superpowers clashed over politics of Eastern Europe such as the situation in Poland and the Korean Wars. On the geopolitics front, the actions to be taken against Germany and the country’s future dominate the conflicts.

The Russo-America hatred acted as the major cause of Cold War. The struggle emanated from differences over what action to take against Germany for causing World War. The antagonism occurred differences occurred over disagreements on the system of government for German and how to handle the reparations from Germany’s production. The United States antagonistic attitude toward the Soviet caused tension. While the soviet pushed for the Eastern Europe bloc, the US pushed for the creation of the United Nations.

Cold War occurred because of the economic struggles. The bourgeois elites of Western Europe hold the conventional wisdom after the World War II and this assisted in sustaining parliamentary leadership as well as preserving the essence of market-oriented economies. These two world wars resulted in democracy in Britain that broadened economic transformation in France. Different forces did not possess the mandatory economic skills and reasonable vision for reinstating the shattered economies nationally to productivity. The managerial talent was monopolized by the Christian Democratic parties who turned out as catch-all groupings that involved everybody in the political class such as the old elites. Besides, revolution was rejected by majority of people and peasants well as workers who given the choice to adhere to the benefits of bourgeois society instead of destroying it. The moderate Left from the Communist leadership felt alienated by the threat of Soviet imperialism. The situationcontributed to a mixture of humanitarian, security and commercial motives in United States, and underwriting of European construction during the crucial time.


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world war 1

Charles S. Maier. “The Two Post-war Eras and the Conditions for Stability in Twentieth-

Century Western Europe,” The American Historical Review, 86. 2 (1981): 327-352

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Historical Review, 86, (1981): 327-367.


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