Located in the Eastern part of Africa, Somalia boarders the Indian Ocean which makes it closer to the Middle Eastern countries. Known as the horn of Africa, the country attributes this to its geographic shape and position. The position of the country has served as both an advantage and a disadvantage to development. The country is infamous for its involvement in various runnings with the international authorities. This has been triggered by the existence of the infamous militia known as the Al- Shabab who have taken on a leadership position in terms of the management of the country. The displacement of the government has resulted to a number of issues that has worsened the insecurity of the country. This situation is not ideal for the economy in that the periodical famine continues to increase by the minute (International relations and cooperation, 2006).
The focus of the research paper is to provide information that proves that the best solution for the Somalian recurrent famine is building a stable government. It displays the importance of the stability of a government by analyzing sources that support the thesis.
Stability in a country is important for the proper growth and development of its nationals. Research has shown that the lack of a proper governing system is the main contributor to the lack of the sustainability of a country. Somalia’s political situation is evident in that most of the basic needs of the people are not met. This has been displayed by the staggering rate of poverty that is seen in the refugee camps in and outside the country. The Al-Shabab has been in existence for a long period of time. They have taken over the territory through the conduction of piracy activities that have been reported to steal food that is donated to the country. This has worsened the situation at hand. Most of their activities cannot be controlled by the government due to its instability. The countries politicians contribute to the division of the country due to their focus of personal needs as opposed to the needs of the country as a whole (Royal Norwegian embassy in Addis Ababa).
Political conflict in the country has been ongoing for a long time; this can be credited to the different political views of the leaders. Some of the members of the opposition have on several occasions tried to overthrow the government. This has led to the constant power struggle between the two sides. In the end the local communities are the ones who have succumb to the instability. This has been realized through the increased poverty brought about by the constant migration of the locals. The inability to focus on farming has led to the famine situation in the country (Newsletter final).
The starvation in the country has been blamed on the fact that the country is a desert. This makes it prone to experiencing levels of famine that on many occasions cannot be controlled. Although the desert situation may be a contributor to the issue, it cannot be fully blamed. Countries such as the Israel have proved to be sustainable despite the country being a natural desert. This has been attributed to the proper governance of their leaders who have invested in innovative methods that have proved to be of great importance to the country (Security Council, 2011).
International relations and cooperation. Eradication of global poverty. (2006, May 18). Retrieved from http://www.dfa.gov.za/docs/2006pq/pqp7.htm
Newsletter final 14-UNPD Somalia.Retrieved from www.so.undp.org/unctsom/…/UN%20in%20Somaliland%20overview.pdf
Royal Norwegian embassy in Addis Ababa. Ethiopia role in the horn of Africa. Retrieved from http://www.norway.org.et/News_and_events/etiopia/NUPI/
Security Council, (2011, March). Department of public. News and media division. New York. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/sc10193.doc.htm
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