Stimulus A

Question One

Stimulus A

In summary: it’s a mixed-up world. As long-distance migration has increased, it has globalized, bringing new diversity to the relatively small pool of countries where economic power and opportunities are concentrated: North America, Western Europe, the Gulf, and parts of Asia. For every 1,000 residents, New Zealand/Aotearoa welcomes 11.7 immigrants per year, some 28 percent of Australia’s population are foreign-born, 13 percent in Britain.

Source: Healy, H. (2020, February 12). Freedom to Move- For Everybody. New Internationalist. Retrieved from

Stimulus B


The increase in migration is the most visible and significant aspect of social globalisation; people are constantly moving within countries and across borders looking for better lifestyles and employment opportunities.

Thesis Statement: The migration of people impacts economies, societies, and cultures, generating significant benefits for both migrants’ countries of origin and the host country.

Body 1: What are some of the key ideas or concepts related to globalisation in Stimulus A?

Social globalisation; the stimuli document the movement of people from less developed countries to developing countries.

Migration drivers; developed countries provide various employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled migrants (Migali et al., 2018). For example, the number of Africans, Hispanics, Indians, and Pakistan’s moving to developed countries to pursue job opportunities continue to rise.

The impact of migration on receiving countries; migrants enhance the diversity of the hosting developing countries (Sagynbekova, 2016). For instance, both skilled and unskilled migrants improve diversity in their workplaces, making these countries richer and more productive in the long run.

Body 2: What are some of the key ideas or concepts related to globalisation in Stimulus B?

The impact of migration on sending countries: Migrants send a lot of money back to their home countries. Remittances are the most significant and tangible benefit of international migration. According to Migration Data Portal, the total global migrant remittance was USD 508 billion in 2020. This means better living standards for the household back home and economic developments to these sending countries.

Body 3: How are the two stimuli connected? Is there any way they can be compared or contrasted?

The two stimuli documents cause and impacts of migration; the reasons and the effect of migration to sending and receiving countries.

Pull and Push Factors; Migration occurs due to the push factors of less economic opportunities in sending countries and the pull factors of numerous opportunities in developed countries. The desire for better socio-economic activities such as employment opportunities and education by migrants and the availability of these opportunities in developing countries is the primary cause of migration (Migali Et al., 2018).

Impact of migration on the host and sending countries; host countries benefit from the diversity migrants bring, especially at workplaces. Similarly, receiving countries benefits from migrants’ remittances. Migrants send a lot of money back home that improves the kins’ economic status back home and the economy of the receiving countries in general.


Migration provides opportunities and benefits to the hosting country, country of origin, and the migrants themselves.

The world is in the century of human mobility. Therefore, nations and individuals should rise above self-interest and act together.


Migali, S., Natale, F., Tintori, G., Kalantaryan, S., Grubanov-Boskovic, S., Scipioni, M., Farinosi, F., Cattaneo, C., Benandi, B., Follador, M. and Bidoglio, G., 2018. International migration drivers. Joint Research Centre: Ispra, Italy.

Remittances. (n.d.). 2021, June 3. Migration data portal. Retrieved November 7, 2021, from, L., 2016. The Impact of International Migration. Springer International Publishing, 10, pp.978-3.

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