Summary- Policies, Politics and Events

Summary- Policies, Politics and Events


Event organization requires policy considerations for both political and event policies. It consists of event management, which involves production and design, and event policies that guide the arrangement from the start to the actual activity. Events include people in society hence need a place and organizers to ensure it is successful. Occasions occur due to ritual; thus, there is consumption, and performance needs to be standard as required by the policies of events.

Policy making at international, national and regional level.

Policy-making differs at international, regional, and national levels due to different laws, regulations, and intentions of the society or government. Understanding public policy is essential because of the PESTLE reasons, which are political, environmental, social, technological, legal, and economic causes. These reasons help in structuring ideas and getting finance to plan for the events. Event managers comply to laid down policies and communicate with the policymakers, then work together to make the event. Policy makers need to understand events to apply in the economic, social and cultural development and ensure proper coordination to achieve the set objectives.

Partnerships is characterized by joint contribution. Partners may have different thinking and ideas which ensures proper decisions are made hence strengthening event organization. However the different thinking may also fail to work in creating policies hence become disastrous (Taylor, 2011)

Power Concept

Policy influencers may also determine policies. These are the parties that have the power to contribute to making, changing, or planning for events. Influencers may be law enforcers and charities willing to donate funds. Their influence depends on the power they have over the subjects. Power is collective and diffused into the society; hence it may originate from one party and spread to others or start from a joint party. The party that has power over others dominates, but the inferior also has to take part in organizing an event, although the contribution is minimal. However, in policy-making, the challenge may be a lack of knowledge of institutions and accountability factors. Nevertheless, an impact must be felt after the event has taken place.

Power, Ideology and Propaganda in events

Just as power is vital in event organization, ideology creates the foundation of an occasion. The ideas originate from people’s beliefs, attitudes, and opinions and intertwine with the power in the society that impacts decisions. The first ideologies arise from dominant principles of socio-political order in society. However, people could create alternative ideas to the existing ones, hence making counter ideologies, that perform the same function as the dominant ideologies. On the other hand, for successful event planning, power, and thinking should integrate with propaganda. Propaganda is a piece of biased or misleading information that s always bound to occur to promote a cause of action. Participatory propaganda works well in an event organized as parties deliberately work together to shape perceptions and persuade the audience to achieve a response. Integrating power, ideologies, and propaganda into event planning ensures proper interpretation hence perfect event planning.

Community Cohesion

Events take place in communities, for example, in festivals for celebrations, entertainment, and sports to foster unity and create identity. The society believes in ties that bind the people together, shown through the culture, interests, and social relationships shared among people of the same community. Individuals may also identify themselves through common cultural heritage such as tradition, faith, kinship and shared economic interests. When planning an event, a common theme guides it during development, representing the beliefs or policies of the group. However, a frequent subject requires community cohesion with a shared vision, which is challenging to build. Globalization, cultural diversity, and different leisure interests influence it; hence expectations may end up being unrealistic.

The community may develop political ideologies for election manifestos (Taylor, 2011) and is used by the society creating a belief. This is the big society which is characterised by more power over other people and an active role in the society.

The politics of events focusing on expressing difference

Members of a community may have the same common goals but are still different in matters such as age and gender. Therefore, event organizers need to understand the difference, to design the occasion to the interest of the community at large. The knowledge ensures that stereotyping does not occur, creating equality for all members as stipulated by the role of policy. The effect to stereotype ensures all people are treated the same, and uniqueness is considered in every kind of people. Policies such as the equality act 2010, protects every individual against unfair treatment. Challenges may occur due to pride and diversity of people, making it difficult to incorporate everyone. Difference breaks the community bond as individuals pursue various interests while ego breaks existing coexistence. These challenges may be addressed through community empowerment and cultural development.

Community Cultural Development

Power does not last forever, but other individuals may reshape it, which creates new ideas that can empower people of the community. Empowerment encourages people to take control of their lives to improve their lives. Community cultural development uses initiatives in collaboration with some members of the society to express views and ideas that instill change that impacts individuals positively. Empowerment is measured using the groups that have different characteristics in the society such as people with disability, racial difference, gender and religion. Also, new skills development through capacity building promotes new ideas that help people of the society to develop, both financially and morally. Arts encourages participation and expression hence develops new skills for people. Authenticity gives a sense of belonging as ideas have original authority, while legality gives a sense of security. Maintenance of good relationship and loyalty enhances proper development process (Kay, 2000; Mulligan & Smith, 2006).

Rites and Rituals

Event management also requires an understanding of the rites and rituals. A ritual is an action that repeatedly occurs over a while. It mostly involves physical activity with recurrence, special occasion, and time to construct the social dimension of values, hierarchies, culture, and status of a community. Politics can affect rituals, whereby public holidays are granted, cultural heritage is expressed, and political figures could be identified in the event. It can also be theoretical where anthropology, cultural studies, and social capital are applied. According to Van Gennep, rites of passage have three divisions; separation, transition, and reincorporation (Getz, 2013). Each stage has a feature of new rules and an opportunity for innovation and personal development. Politics can be used as a form of approval of policies when events address political challenges affecting a group of people in society.

Events and Placemaking

The event organization needs a plan for the place. The organization includes the design and target location of a particular place in correspondence with the kind of event anticipated. Currently, urban cities host most of the festivals as a sign of revitalization and development due to the high population. Cities also have various models; entrepreneurial, creative, and intercultural hence a city choosing a town depends on the type of event. The event organizer should consider factors such as time, space, and experience that a particular place has by checking the past performance. Activities enhance the life of a city and make the people proud of their home, consequently encouraging more other events. Identity may be personal, social, collective, or place by which they all promote a common goal.

Events as protests, Protests as events

Some events are usually regarded as protests because of the nature of the occasion, such as political aims. It is a change through which people perceive the world and decide to go along with every law until the realization that it is affecting them (Zizek, 2014, p. 10). Also, all demonstrations are considered as events due to the existence of rules during the preparation. Besides, protests aim at a positive impact on participants. While protesting, there should be emotional synchrony among the members as explained by Durkheim. Common emotion creates unity, helps members concentrate on a specific goal, and collective friendly behaviour. Protests encourage social movement, which in turn creates change. Music is also used in demonstrations to give the content of the theme and create the identity of participants. It also consolidates separate groups hence strengthening them with love, thus clearly expressing their message to the target parties.


Durkheim, E. (1912, translated 1995). The elementary forms of religious life, Oxford University Press.

Getz, D. (2013). Event Studies. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.

Kay, A. (2000). Art and community development: the role the arts have in regenerating communities. Community Development Journal, 35(4), 414-424.

Taylor, M. (2011), Public Policy in the Community (2nd edition), Palgrave Macmillan.Zizek, S. (2014): Event: Philosophy in Transit, London: Penguin

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