l. What is the name of the case?
The name is important becaus e tt generally reveals which party is asking the Court to review the case. The name appearing first is usually (but not always) the appellant/petitioner, the party that lost in the court below.
2. In what year did the Supreme Court decide the case?
The year is important because it will help to put the case into a legal and historical context. See Thumbnail Sketch of Supreme Court History for more detail.
3. What circumstances triggered the dispute?
4. What statute or action triggered the dispute?
5. What provision of the Constitution is at issue?
6. What is the basic legal question(s) the Court is being asked to address?
7. What was the outcome of the dispute?
8. How did the majority reach its decision? What was its legal reasoning?
9. What legal doctrine, standards, or policy did the majority announce?
10. What other views (dissents, concurrences) were expressed?