Why was the Middle Passage such a site of death?

Written coursework must conform to SLAS assessment criteria, identified in the Student Handbook, and will be assessed accordingly. Of particular importance:

referencing shall be formatted in APA 6th, work that is found to be plagiarised will be subject to disciplinary procedures, and penalties will be applied for late work without valid extenuating circumstances. 


Austen, R. A., ‘The Slave Trade as History and Memory’, William and Mary Quarterly, 58, 1 (2001), 229-245

Bailey, Anne C., African Voices of the Atlantic Slave Trade: Beyond the Silence and the Shame (Boston: Beacon Press, 2005)

Christopher, Emma, Slave Ship Sailors and their Captive Cargoes, 1730-1807 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007)

Conrad, Robert, World of Sorrow: The African Slave Trade to Brazil (Baton Rouge, 1986)

Curtin, Philip, The Atlantic Slave Trade: A Census (Madison, 1969), e-book

Eltis, David, and David Richardson, (eds), Extending the Frontiers: Essays on the New Transatlantic Slave Trade Database (New Haven, 2008)

Emmer, P. C., The Dutch Slave Trade, 1500-1850 (New York, 2006)

Harms, Robert, The Diligent: A Voyage through the Worlds of the Slave Trade (New York: Basic Books, 2002

Mannix, Daniel, Black Cargoes: A History of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1518- 1865 (New York, 1976)

Palmer, Colin, Human Cargoes: The British Slave Trade to Spanish America, 1700-1739 (Urbana, 1981)

Postma, Johannes, The Dutch in the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1600-1815 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990)

Rediker, Marcus, The Slave Ship: A Human History (London: Penguin, 2008)

Richardson, David, ‘Shipboard Revolts, African Authority, and the Atlantic Slave Trade’, William and Mary Quarterly, 58, 1 (2001), 69-92

Richardson, David, Suzanne Schwarz and Anthony Tibbles, (eds), Liverpool and Transatlantic Slavery (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2007)

Smallwood, Stephanie E., Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from African to American Diaspora (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007)

St. Clair, The Grand Slave Emporium: Cape Coast Castle and the British Slave Trade (revised edn, London: Profile, 2007)

Stein, Robert Louis, The French Slave Trade in the Eighteenth Century: An Old Regime Business (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1979)

Svalensen, Leif, The Slave Ship Fredensborg (Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle, 2001)


Thomas, Hugh, The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1440- 1870 (London: Picador, 1997)

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