Tactics employed by the agents of FBI

Student’s name

Course title


Date of submission

Tactics employed by the agents of FBI secret group to express radical groups

Illegal wiretaps

Illegal wiretapping involved intentionally making connections or tapping onto phones or telegraph lines by the FBI’S and intentionally reading or attempting to read a message transmitted via telephone or any other type of wire without the permission of all parties

Warrantless Physical Searches

These are searches and seizures conducted without court-issued search warrants. In the United States, warrantless searches are restricted under the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, part of the Bill of Rights, which states that the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated. No Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.

An array of dirty tricks

The most egregious dirty tricks the FBI attempted followed the creation of a COINTELPRO, A secret counterintelligence program aimed at black nationalists/hate groups beginning in 1967, as American cities burned from Newark to Detroit.

Why is wealth disparity a better measure than income disparity (between whites and the U.S BLACK?)

A demographic lens is more informative than income disparity because income is dynamic and changes from year to year. At the same time, wealth is a more stable approach to measuring racial inequalities. Despite some fluctuations, the large racial and ethnic wealth gaps remain essentially unchanged when looking at black/white families.

Around 2016, the typical white family had about ten times the wealth of the typical black family and about 7.5% of the wealth of Hispanic families. Over time there has been little or no effort to narrow the racial and ethnic wealth gaps.

Who is James Turner, and why is he important for Black Studies as a discipline?

James Turner is the founding Director of the Africana Studies and Research Centre, founded in 1961. He is also a former professor of African and African American Politics and Social Policy at Cornell. In the late 1960s, Black communities began to demand academic programmes and funding for African American studies at universities across the country.

Black students at Cornell University seized and occupied University’s Willard Straight Hall in April 1969 to protest conditions on campus. They demanded the creation of a Black Studies program to make the curriculum more relevant to the interests of African Americans and the country.

The Cornell students had heard gifted young scholar and activist prof. James Turner articulates his vision of education for liberation at a conference at Howard University. They selected Turner to direct and develop the Africana Studies and Research Center at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

A nation of law?” documents the state of the murder of Fred Hampton and the Attica prison uprising. Explain why the topic of the document is ironic.

In the late 1960s, Fred Hampton helped lead a coalition of activists, working across racial lines against a corrupt city government that threatened their communities. At the core of their work were social programs, including free breakfasts, health clinics and legal aid. Hampton named the group Rainbow coalition. And because of its impacts, it was not long before its members got the attention of the police and the FBI. What followed were an assassination and a cover-up. The topic is ironic since he was murdered for matters contrary to the government’s wishful thinking, which means they were contrary to the Nation of law.

Prof .Hunter’s lecture, the sociology of Urban Black America, discusses three key reasons (push factors) for the great migration of African Americans from the rural South to the urban North. What are these reasons?

Unsatisfactory Economic Opportunities

These factors were exacerbated by the limitations of sharecropping, farm failures and crop damage from the boll weevil, and ongoing racial oppression in the form of Jim Crow Laws. Pull factors included encouraging reports of good wages and living conditions that spread by word of mouth and appeared in African American newspapers. With advertisements for housing and employment and firsthand stories of newfound success in the North, which became the Great Migration’s leading promoters?

Harsh Segregationist Laws

After the United States abolished slavery, Black Americans continued to be marginalized through enforced segregation and diminished access to facilities, housing, education and opportunities. Segregation is the practice requiring separate housing, education and other services for people of color. Segregation was made several times in 18th and 19th century America as some believed the black and white people were incapable of coexisting.